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    Module 4: Data Privacy and Data Protection

    Summary Modules on Digital Rights and Freedom of Expression Online in sub-Saharan Africa

    • The right to privacy and data protection is a growing concern due to increasing data flows and the resulting need for the protection of personal information.
    • In the African context, there are multiple instruments which govern data protection, notably the AU Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection (Malabo Convention).
    • Importantly, states should ensure that their domestic legislation provides for the lawful processing of personal information and that they keep step with data protection developments.
    • Allied with data protection are the concepts of the ‘right to be forgotten,’ encryption, and government-led surveillance.
    • Communications surveillance has special risks for freedom of expression in journalistic contexts due to the potential disclosure of confidential sources and the risk of a chilling effect on media freedom.
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