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    Conclusion

    Module 3: Access to the Internet

    While the right of access to the internet does not yet find express recognition in international law, it is widely considered as an enabler of the right to freedom of expression and, as with all human rights, can only be justifiably limited if a three-part test is met.  Additionally, restrictions to the internet may unduly infringe on freedom of expression and associated rights.  In a rapidly developing digital world, the internet is increasingly becoming a contested space and it is used equally by those seeking to defend fundamental rights and those seeking to limit them.  The proper understating of concepts such as internet shutdowns, the blocking and filtering of content, net neutrality and intermediary liability are increasingly necessary to fully protect and promote the right to freedom of expression online.