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    Module 3: Combatting Online Violence Against Women Journalists

    Modules on Online Violence against Journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa

    The focus of this module:

    • The prevalence and severe impacts of online violence against women journalists in SSA calls for concerted and wide-ranging efforts to protect them online and seek accountability for such harms.
    • Litigation can be a particularly impactful way of doing so, but comes with particular requirements that warrant careful consideration, such as jurisdiction, standing, and admissibility.
    • Alternatively, or in concert with litigation, supporters can consider law reform strategies as well as advocacy campaigns that can build public or targeted support for a particular issue or case.
    • Finally, it is vital that journalists take practical steps to protect themselves online and to deal with online violence when it occurs to mitigate against the silencing effect of these attacks.