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    Module 1: Violence Against Women Journalists in SSA

    Modules on Online Violence against Journalists in Sub-Saharan Africa

    This module aims to:

    • Online violence against women journalists not only violates the individual rights to freedom of expression, freedom of the press, the right to privacy, equality and non-discrimination, and the freedom of violence among others but also has widespread societal impacts.
    • Violence against women journalists has increased rapidly in recent years, enabled by online tools, and is exacerbated for journalists with multiple intersecting identities.
    • Women journalists face different forms of online violence, despite strong legal protections.
    • States have both positive and negative obligations to protect women journalists, and various other actors must take urgent steps to play their part in protecting these journalists and reducing systemic online violence.