Media Defence Logo


In Rwanda, we helped free two journalists from jail

“I’m very happy to have left prison and I’m going to pursue my journalism career. I’m not afraid.”

In Rwanda, we helped free two journalists from jail

Two Rwandan women who were jailed for their independent journalism are now free and courageously pursuing their reporting work – after MLDI succeeded in getting their sentences reduced. But the fight continues on an international level to set a precedent that could help other journalists who are threatened under Rwanda’s criminal defamation and national security laws.

In 2010, Agnès Uwimana Nkusi was ordered to serve 17 years in jail for undermining national security, “minimising” the genocide and for defaming the Rwandan president, Paul Kagame, as a result of reports in her newspaper, Umurabyo, that were critical of government policy.

Her colleague, reporter Saidati Mukakibibi, received a seven-year sentence for her work in the same newspaper. Their articles had criticised government policy, corruption gacaca court system, through which justice was dispensed for genocidaires.

The newspaper had previously been warned by Rwanda’s government-appointed Media Council to tone down its coverage. We provided financial and legal support for their appeal, and our lawyers flew out to plead before the Supreme Court on human rights and freedom of expression grounds.

This had an immediate impact – the pair were acquitted of the most serious charges of ‘minimising the genocide’ and had their sentences reduced. Saidati was freed in June 2013 and Agnès left prison in June 2014. Agnès says: “I’m very happy to have left prison and I’m going to pursue my journalism career. I’m not afraid and I have no regrets.”

A journalist for the past 12 years, Saidati Mukakibibi has now returned to work, writing for the newspaper Mont Jali anniversary. She says:

“As I walked free from prison, I immediately told people that I will with courage. I love this profession – it’s my means of expressing myself. It’s a relief. Journalists work in fear, worrying they will be jailed or killed. Defamation is still a criminal offence and it’s used as a weapon to silence us.”

The two journalists were locked up at Kigali’s notorious ‘1930’ prison and spent their days alongside confessed genocidaires as well as other women, some as old as 90, who say there were no grounds for their arrest. Saidati adds:

“I feel proud to have been jailed for exercising my freedom of expression – and for having given others the opportunity to express their opinions. MLDI visited us in prison. I was very moved by that and I’m still very grateful to them.”

Nani Jansen, MLDI’s Legal Director, says: “Rwanda has a deteriorating media climate. We used to support many cases there, and there are hardly any at the moment – which I and human rights experts take as a sign that the government has been effective in its campaign to silence a free press.”

We have now taken the two journalists’ case to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, arguing that their rights to a fair trial and freedom of expression were violated. We hope that a ruling from the Commission will have a long-term impact in Rwanda by limiting the use of national security and criminal defamation laws against journalists.

The case before the African Commission is ongoing and the journalists are represented by Nani Jansen, John Jones QC and Evaliste Nsabayezu, a Rwandan lawyer. Saidati Mukakibibi concludes: “We remain optimistic. With time, everything will work out.”

Recent Case Studies

Digital Rights Advocates: Interview with Zambian Lawyer Michelle Mwiinga

Welcome to the Digital Rights Advocates Blog Series, where we hear from lawyers litigating digital rights in sub-Saharan Africa. Digital rights have become indispensable for people around the world to exercise and enjoy their fundamental rights. Independent media is increasingly moving online – from established newspapers and television channels to bloggers and human rights activists […]


Partners: How Human Rights Platform Has Used Strategic Litigation to Defend Press Freedom in Ukraine

Since 2017, Media Defence has worked in partnership with the Human Rights Platform (HRP), to provide legal defence to journalists and independent media in Ukraine and conduct strategic litigation on press freedom and freedom of expression. During the grant period, threats and attacks against journalists in Ukraine remained high. In particular, HRP noted an increase […]


Partners: Hanifi Baris of TOHAV on Defending Press Freedom in Turkey

Welcome to the latest instalment of our ‘Partners’ blog series. In this series, we interview some of our partners from around the world about their crucial and fascinating work in freedom of expression. This time, our Legal and Grants Officer Emmanuel Vargas spoke to lawyer Hanifi Baris of TOHAV (Toplum ve Hukuk Araştırmaları Vakfı/Foundation for […]