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    Module 6: Online Harassment and Anonymity

    Modules on Litigating Digital Rights in Europe

    The prevalence of online harassment and attacks on journalists is a worrying trend with clear implications for freedom of expression. To exercise their rights and duties, journalists require access to spaces for public debate, where they can share information and opinions without fear of censorship or retaliation. Online abuse, and broader fears for their safety, may lead to self-censorship.

    This module explores various forms of online harassment, including doxxing, surveillance, hacking, discriminatory speech, and the non-consensual distribution of intimate or sexual images. It explores legal responses to these in the European context, and then explores some possible steps to protect one’s identity online.