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Each theme contains useful resources for lawyers on freedom of expression, click below to get started.

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Freedom of expression

An overview of the multi-faceted right to freedom of expression and how it is protected under international law.

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Digital rights

Understanding digital rights is crucial to protecting human rights, as little of our lives today is immune from the forces of technology and the internet.

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Restricting Internet access & online content

An overview of the ways in which access to the internet and online content are restricted around the world.

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Defamation & reputation

An overview of freedom of expression issues in the law, including how defamation is treated in domestic and international law.

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Privacy, security & data protection

An overview of the right to privacy, data protection, and protecting freedom of expression in a digital world.

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Cybercrimes

Describes the different types of cybercrimes, tracks the trends, and evaluates how cybercrimes are dealt with in international law.

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Hate speech

An overview of hate speech and how it is dealt with both under domestic and international law.

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Censorship by private actors

An overview of the ways in which access to content and freedom of expression online are restricted by private actors.

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False news, misinformation & propaganda

An overview of false news, misinformation and propaganda, including causes and potential solutions..

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Litigating freedom of expression

An overview of the various rights and concepts which encompass digital rights.

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Explaining the Issues: National Security

The reporting of stories relating to national security has been a concern for governments around the world for many years, but since 9/11 there has been a dramatic increase in the number of cases against journalists pursued in the name of national security.

record_voice_over Freedom of expression · Sep 2021

Explaining the Issues: Sedition

While it’s rare to be prosecuted for it in western democracies, this blog explains how authoritarian governments frequently use old colonial sedition laws to silence criticism.

record_voice_over Freedom of expression · Sep 2021

Using Strategic Litigation to Challenge Internet Shutdowns – Challenges and Successes (FIFAfrica21)

Reports of internet shutdowns and social media blocking are increasing in Africa and governments are becoming more sophisticated in their approaches. As more courts hand down decisions, this panel at #FIFAfrica21 examine how that jurisprudence can be used to counter this. The panel focuses on challenges and opportunities for litigators when trying to achieve positive judgments in Africa.

The panellists discuss challenging internet shutdowns within domestic courts and regional mechanisms in Africa and outline their experiences of strategic litigation in the context of internet shutdowns and social media blocking. This includes discussing recent applications to ECOWAS challenging the shutdown in Guinea and the Twitter ban in Nigeria.

record_voice_over Freedom of expression · portable_wifi_off Restricting Internet access & online content · gavel Litigating freedom of expression · Africa · Sep 2021

UNESCO guide for amicus curiae interventions in freedom of expression cases

The UNESCO Guide for Amicus Curiae Interventions on Freedom of Expression Cases, developed with the support of Media Defence, seeks to equip civil society organizations with the basic tools to file effective amicus curiae interventions, and encourage them to intervene in cases where freedom of expression standards can be advanced or where the right to freedom of expression or the safety of journalists is at stake. The Guide provides practical information on how to file amicus curiae briefs and sets out strategic considerations – as well as do’s and don’ts – with the goal of helping organizations write the most impactful brief possible.

Africa · Asia · Europe · Global · North America · Oceania · South America · Sep 2021

Mapping Digital Rights and Online Freedom of Expression Litigation in East, West and Southern Africa (2021)

The report begins with an overview of the digital rights landscape and an introduction to the research methodology, before delving into recent developments in seven themes of particular relevance at present — (i) defamation; (ii) national security, counter-terrorism and public order laws; (iii) laws restricting online content and access; (iv) internet shutdowns; (v) cybercrime legislation; (vi) media regulation and newsgathering activities; and (vii) data protection.

record_voice_over Freedom of expression · phonelink_lock Digital rights · gavel Litigating freedom of expression · Africa · Aug 2021

Reading List: An introduction to litigating at regional mechanisms in Africa

In this blog, we’ve put together some resources to help you learn more about litigating at regional mechanisms in Africa. Take a look at our suggestions below to learn more.

gavel Litigating freedom of expression · Africa · Aug 2021

Module de synthèse 10 : Introduction au contentieux des droits numériques en Afrique

Le contentieux stratégique est un outil puissant pour faire progresser les droits numériques et il est de plus en plus utilisé de diverses manières différentes et innovantes.

gavel Litigating freedom of expression · Africa · Apr 2021

Module de synthèse 9 : Sécurité nationale

La « sécurité nationale » est l’une des justifications les plus courantes offertes par les États pour limiter la liberté d’expression des journalistes, des blogueurs et des organes de presse.  Cependant, on peut s’appuyer sur elle pour réprimer la dissidence et dissimuler les abus de l’État.

record_voice_over Freedom of expression · Africa · Apr 2021

Module de synthèse 8 : « Fausses nouvelles », mésinformation et propagande

Tout en reconnaissant les maux sociaux occasionnés par les fausses nouvelles et la mésinformation, les tribunaux et les acteurs internationaux maintiennent que les dispositions générales et trop larges qui criminalisent les fausses nouvelles et la mésinformation violent le droit à la liberté d’expression.

dvr False news, misinformation & propaganda · Africa · Apr 2021

Module de synthèse 7 : Cybercriminalité

Alors que l’accès à l’Internet continue de se développer rapidement en Afrique, la cybercriminalité devient de plus en plus répandue et dangereuse.

local_police Cybercrimes · Africa · Apr 2021