Illustrating Freedom of Expression Competition
Pictures tell a thousand words and we need your help to draw them. Our illustration competition is an artistic challenge: can you create visual representations of some of the most important legal and human rights issues affecting independent journalists around the world?
Winners will be featured online and in print as part of our 10 year celebrations – you will be helping us to communicate our work and helping us to reach more journalists and supporters.
Media Defence turns ten years old this year. We support journalists, bloggers and independent media under legal threat so they can continue to report freely. Over the past decade we’ve provided legal defence in over 1,000 cases in 94 countries around the world.
Our work is vitally important. A free press is vital to the human right to freedom of expression, but without legal support, journalists are at a greater risk of jail, closure and fines.
We want to explain the issues in a short, punchy way, through art. This illustration competition is a sneak peek of our ten-year celebrations to follow later in the year.
A free press is fundamental to the human right to freedom of expression. Below we have ten issues currently threatening freedom of expression and a free press around the world. Each issue has a short explanation, as well as links to some related legal cases we've supported.
The challenge is to create a visual piece of art which represents or demonstrates the issues. For each issue we'll pick a winning image which will be featured as part of our 10 year celebrations, and seen by audiences around the world both online and in print.
Anyone can enter this competition – any age, any skill level, from anywhere in the world. You can use any visual medium that can be submitted electronically as a JPG, PNG, PDF or TIFF file.
You might choose to create one piece of work for one issue, do one piece for every issue, or submit a number of pieces all about the same issue. It’s up to you.
Need some more inspiration? Why not speak to a journalist in your country about the challenges they face? Or explore our work and case studies.
The winners (and other selected pieces) will be announced on our website and social media channels to our international audiences, and will feature in our ten-year celebrations.
Need some more inspiration? Why not speak to a journalist in your country about the challenges they face?
The (original) artwork can be any size, any style, and in any visual medium: ink drawings, cartoon strips, collages, painting, even sculpture. However all entries must be submitted – and will be judged – as images in JPEG, PNG, TIFF or PDF formats.
Anonymous entries are allowed.
Deadline: 23 September 2018
1. Administrative harassment and barriers
Media outlets can be shut down or restricted through the use of administrative measures. For example, refusal or extended delay in issuing licences to media outlets is used to prevent them from operating. Or media outlets are closed after receiving government ‘content warnings’ which are often arbitrary and targeted at outlets critical of the government; these warnings are both a threat and a method of silencing dissenting voices.
2. Anonymity online
As the world becomes ever more connected the devices we use can be used to trace us, however anonymity can be crucial for journalists in order to do their jobs. Staying anonymous or using a pseudonym can protect people from being threatened, followed, arrested, prosecuted for defamation, or hurt while exercising their right to free expression.
- MLDI files intervention at European Court seeking to protect anonymity of users online
- To Be or Not to Be Anonymous: How Should Bloggers Decide?
3. Criminalisation of speech e.g. criminal defamation
In many countries, journalists face criminal defamation charges and prison sentences for writing or speaking critically – even in some instances where the ‘defamatory’ statement is provably true. Criminal defamation laws are open to abuse and are one of the leading reasons that journalists are in prison around the world.
- African Court landmark ruling on criminal libel: Burkinabe journalist awarded compensation
- Explaining the Issues: Criminal Libel
4. Cybercrime and internet regulation offences
Overly broad Cybercrime legislation and sweeping internet regulations are being used by some governments to censor criticism online. One blog was found liable for ‘intermediary defamation’ for hyperlinking to critical content on another website. In other cases newspapers have faced charges over comments section posts from the general public.
- Milestone Judgment for Internet Freedom in India
- European Court clarifies intermediary liability standard
5. Fabricated and trumped up charges
Often governments don’t explicitly prosecute journalists for what they publish, but some journalists and bloggers who write critically face fabricated or trumped up charges. Journalists have been arrested, detained and sentenced for a wide range of charges, including drug offences, anti-social behaviour, incitement to violence, kidnapping or tax offences. Newspapers have been shut down with charges of ‘damaging the economy’.
- Viet Nam condemned strongly by UN Working Group
- The world must not forget the jailed journalists of Ethiopia
6. Forced disclosure of sources
Protecting a journalist's sources is an essential principle: both for accurate reporting, and to keep journalists and their sources safe. Attempts by police or governments to force journalists to reveal the identities of the people they speak to are extremely dangerous to press freedom. If people think their information will not be kept confidential they might not speak to a journalist, impacting the quality of reporting and reducing the press's ability to be a 'public watchdog’.
- MLDI and coalition intervene in Canadian Supreme Court case on confidentiality of journalist sources
- MLDI leads intervention at European Court to protect journalistic sources
7. Internet shutdowns and web blocking
What if you woke up one day to find that your government had switched off the internet? Politically motivated web blocking and internet blackouts silence people by cutting them off from the rest of the world and stopping them from accessing information or reporting freely. When media outlets are disconnected from the internet it is almost impossible to operate. Between July 2015 and June 2016, internet blackouts happened 81 times across 19 countries.
- “An appalling violation of the right to freedom of speech”
- Pakistan High Court orders YouTube unblocked
8. National security legislation
National security and the protection of legitimate national security interests is important, but overly broad national security laws are often used against journalists to restrict reporting and criminalise them. ‘National security’ is a leading reason that journalists are in jail today. Some journalists have faced subversion charges for photographing and reporting on protests, while others are prosecuted for refusing to reveal their sources. A high number are prosecuted for terrorism related offences, merely for reporting.
- Explaining the Issues: National Security
- The National Security Laws Used To Silence Journalists in Myanmar and Vietnam
9. Physical harassment, violence and torture
Physical harassment and violence are used by state and non-state actors to silence journalists and make people too afraid to report, creating a chilling effect. Journalists in detention in various countries around the world are subjected to cruel, inhumane and degrading treatment, and to torture - both crimes under international law. Last year Media Defence worked on 13 cases relating to torture in five countries.
- The chilling effect of torture
- Inter-American Court of Human Rights first as Colombia is condemned for journalist’s murder
10. Physical restrictions
Banning journalists from physical places – such as parliament, protests or refugee camps – prevents them from directly witnessing matters of public interest. Banning journalists makes it more difficult for them to gather first-hand knowledge and report, undermining the public’s right to receive information on issues of public interest.